South Platte River Programs 15-Year Anniversary
In 1986 the Colorado Legislature created a special revenue
fund for the District for the maintenance and improvements of the South Platte River
within it boundaries. Except for
jurisdictions within Boulder County, because they are within the Boulder Creek watershed,
all properties within the District contribute funds to support this program. In response, the Districts Board adopted
policies that established the way the program operates along functional lines. There are three primary sub-programs:
1) Maintenance 2) Capital and 3) Co-operative.
Maintenance activities can be paid for 100% by the District
and are divided into two categories: routine and restorative. Routine maintenance assists local jurisdictions
with activities such trash pickup within the rivers channel and immediate overbanks,
weed and noxious plant control, dead and invasive tree removal and replacement with native
species, revegetation of the corridor with native species of grasses and shrubs, repair of
minor erosion problems and other types of routine maintenance activities.
Restorative maintenance includes more structural efforts
such as restoration and stabilization of trashed out or eroded banks, installation of low
(i.e., boater and fish passage friendly) grade control structures when evidence shows a
need for them, buttressing of utilities where the river channel has degraded and threatens
their loss, repair of recreational trails that also serve as maintenance access, etc.
Capital projects help local governments with major river
improvements and with the acquisition of the floodplain to preserve open spaces along the
river. District will pay up to 75% of these
project costs when funds are available.
The co-operative program helps private property owners with
the river restoration activities, similar to what the District does with restorative
maintenance for local governments. It does
require a minimum of a 25% match of the total project cost by the property owner, but will
credit the owner for the value of a flowage and maintenance easement turned over the
District as part of the project.
Since the programs inception, most of the District
resources have been spent on routine and restorative maintenance. In recent years, however, a few capital projects
have required considerable attention and funding. They
included the widening of the rivers corridor adjacent to Elitch Gardens; the
reconstruction of Confluence Park including a much-improved whitewater boating and fish
passage/aquatic habitat facility; restored river banks and enhanced terrestrial and
aquatic habitat through the Globeville neighborhood; and the currently on-going Corps of
Engineers projects. The District could not
have been involved with them without the initiative of our local government partners.
The last 15 years have been very productive and much has
been accomplished. Although it is not
possible to fully restore the river to what it was before urbanization occurred in this
region, much has been done to improve its ecology and functions.
In 2001 the South Platte River routine maintenance included
an equivalent of:
- 9.1 miles of tree trimming and pruning along the river trail;
- 3.6 acres of string trimming at access ramps and rest areas;
- 78 miles of trail edge mowing; and
- 192 miles of trash and debris pickup and removal along the river.
A total of 170 truckloads of trash and debris were removed
from the river and taken to landfills. We
continue to study statistical data pertaining to trash and debris accumulation patterns
gathered over the past five years, and in 2002 we will further tailor our removal program
to maximize results.
For the fifth consecutive year we participated in the
Greenway Foundations annual NIMBY Fest volunteer trash pickup, during which an
additional 51 cubic yards of trash were removed. In
addition, government personnel and volunteer groups picked up and removed trash from the
river corridor throughout the year. Unfortunately,
we do not have an estimate of the volume removed by them.
Trash is also regularly removed from trash receptacles maintained by park personnel
along recreational trails.
Routine maintenance continues to be the most cost effective
program in terms of environmental enhancement and public service. Without it, the trash along and in the river would
accumulate. Since its inception under the
South Platte River Program, the Routine Maintenance Program now handles more than twice
the number of trash pickups, trail mowings and invasive weed control activities than we
did 15 years ago. At this level of activity
we find the river corridor needs are addresses quite well.
Removal of Undesirable Plant Species
In 2001 the Routine Maintenance Program continued to work
with local government agencies to control infestations of non-native and undesirable tree
species along the river. In the City of
Brightons Morgan Smith nature area we removed 100 Russian Olive trees and planted
200 shrubs and bushes. Working with the South
Suburban Park and Recreation District and the City of Littleton, we removed 200 Russian
Olives from the riverbanks in South Platte Park. In
addition, we removed 160 Siberian Elms and Russian Olives in Denver County. The removal of invasive non-native trees provides
the opportunity for native cottonwoods, box elders, willows, and others to become
established. These natives in turn provide
better habitat for wildlife native to this region. After
removal of undesirable species, we replant these areas with the species mentioned above.
An area of growing concern is invasive noxious weeds. These weeds threaten habitat, decrease the value
of infested lands and hamper public use. With
the adoption of an integrated approach to noxious weed management, the Routine Maintenance
Program is better equipped to deal with invasive weed species. Our methods include weed mowing, hand pulling and
selective use of approved herbicides. Our
relationship with various county weed managers allows us to coordinate our efforts in
order to maximize the public benefit from our activities.
In 2001, the Restoration Maintenance Program had a busy
year. In addition to typical stabilizing,
rehabilitating, and revegetating riverbanks, the District continued to assist local
governments with maintaining the recreation trail used by the District for maintenance
access. This year, over 3000 feet of badly
eroded riverbanks were restored and stabilized with buried riprap. The slopes were revegetated with native grass,
shrubs, willows, and cottonwood trees. Over
the years we have found this type of combined hard and soft treatment to be very
successful in both urban and rural areas. In
most instances there is little or no evidence of underlying riprap once the vegetation
matures and it does add to the aquatic habitat diversity when it is under the water
One project of special note involved a breached river levee
in Adams County. On Saturday, May 5th,
a flow of approximately 6,500 cubic feet per second breached a riverbank levee adjacent to
a sand and gravel operation near 120th Avenue extended. The breach was first reported to the District on
Monday morning. An assessment was made later
that day and on Tuesday, a District restoration contractor was mobilized to repair the
breach. Thanks to the watchful eye of river
property owners, and the ability for the District to hire on-call contractors, potentially
major river degradation and bank erosion was prevented.
Unfortunately the over-bank side channel area downstream of
the breach experienced severe vertical and lateral erosion resulting in the loss of
wetlands and other valuable wildlife habitat features within and adjacent to conservation
areas. The District is now working with
property owners, Adams County Parks, Commerce City, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,
LaFarge/Mobile Premix Concrete Company, Denver Water Department and others to restore and
stabilize the damaged areas.
In 2002 the program will include the following
- Reconstruction of the Gardener's Diversion Dam just upstream of the York Street
bridge in Adams County
- Construction of a boulder grade control structure upstream of 120th
- Construction of a boulder grade control structure at the Henderson flow gauge
near 123rd Avenue
- Extension of the river recreation/maintenance trail northward below 104th
- Construction of a boulder grade control structure and old bridge pier removal at
16th Street in Denver.
Cooperative Projects with Private Property Owners
Cooperative projects are constructed on flowage and
maintenance access easements dedicated to the District by private property owners adjacent
to the river in exchange for river restoration work.
To date almost 550 acres of these easements have been dedicated, resulting in over
22 bank stabilization and riparian revegetation projects on these properties since 1988. In most cases, the local park departments use
these easements for the construction of recreation trails which double as river
No new cooperative projects were constructed this year,
however, work leading to the acceptance of three more easement dedications was completed. Aggregate Industries, Inc. and Asphalt
Specialties, Inc. have both expressed an interest to work with the District in order to
fulfill their bank restoration and stabilization requirements for mining within the South
Platte River 100-year floodplain in Adams County.
The McIntosh Farm Company would like to clean up and
stabilize the eroded bank along their property. This property was recently protected by a
conservation easement held by Adams County. This
easement will ensure the farms 245 acres can never be developed, while allowing the
family to retain ownership and maintain its dairy operation. We hope to complete these bank rehabilitations
Capital Improvement Projects
Central Platte Valley Project
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has completed a
Feasibility Study of a river restoration project for the Sun Valley and Zuni Reaches, 12th
Avenue to upstream of 8th Avenue. These
two reaches are immediately upstream of the Colfax Reach (I-25 to 12th Avenue). Work should begin on final design this fiscal
year. The District is assisting Denver, who
is the official local sponsor, to fund the local match and is hopeful the U.S. Congress
approves funds for the 2/3 Federal share to construct this $15,000,000 project.
At this time the Corps is busy completing the river
restoration improvements to the Colfax Reach of the river.
This $4,000,000 project has widened the river corridor through the acquisition of
additional right-of-way and the demolition of one small building, When completed, river bank slopes will be much
flatter (i.e., 3H:1V) than the 1.5H:1V before work began, creating significantly more
terrestrial wildlife habitat. In addition,
features such as small flow diversion jetties will provide for an improved aquatic
habitat. We will be completed by March, 2002. In addition to improved aquatic and terrestrial
habitat, other benefits of the Corps projects will include an improved flood carrying
capacity, a trail that will no longer have a street level crossing, an open confluence
with Weir Gulch (currently it is blocked by a railroad spur embankment and a culvert) and
a much improved river access for the Sun Valley neighborhood residents. This project has moved at a rate not seen for
Corps projects in the past. The Omaha team,
and especially the project manager Patrick Addison, have to be congratulated for this. They have exhibited a phenomenal ability to get
this project under way, to include all aspects of local participation in its design and to
help get the needed Corps funding and approvals.
Adams County Master Plan Update
This project, completed by CDM, to update the South Platte
River Major Drainageway Master Plan through Adams County, is now completed. Adams County, the cities of Brighton, Thornton,
Commerce City, South Adams County Water and Sanitation District and the Denver Water
Department were the local sponsors.