CoCo RaHS Coming to District
Nolan Doesken, Assistant State Climatologist
CSU Colorado Climate Center
What is CoCo RaHS? CoCo RaHS is an acronym for the "Community Collaborative Rain and Hail Study".
This is a community-based research and education project designed to involve local
citizens of all ages in helping scientists study the fascinating and remarkably localized
rain and hail patterns from spring and summer thunderstorms. With the help of the Urban
Drainage and Flood Control District, CoCo RaHS will be starting up in the Denver area
during the spring and summer of 2002. Detailed precipitation maps will be produced for
every day of the year to help examine rainfall patterns in the region.
CoCo RaHS was initiated by the Colorado Climate Center at Colorado State
University following the devastating flash flood that struck Fort Collins in July 1997. At
that time, hundreds of local citizens in Fort Collins and Larimer County assisted the
Colorado Climate Center in documenting storm rainfall patterns. With the help of nearly
300 rain gauge reports, precise details of the storm were identified and mapped. The
heaviest core of that storm was shown to be only about one mile across and centered over
extreme southwest Fort Collins where 14.5 inches of rainfall was measured. This was the
heaviest rain ever documented over an urbanized area in Colorado. Just three miles to the
east, rainfall decreased to less than two inches and many citizens of Fort Collins had no
idea that a raging flood was in progress. Local observations also showed another rainfall
core of over 12 inches just northwest of Fort Collins near the town of Laporte.
Since that storm, the Colorado Climate Center has worked together with teachers,
students, local utilities, the National Weather Service, and various other organizations
to put together a network of hundreds of volunteers that measure rainfall and hail on a
daily basis. High school students from Fort Collins created a webpage that allows
volunteers to submit their daily observations over the Internet. Rainfall and hail maps
are immediately created and displayed that show the data from all volunteers.
to show Denver area rainfall map for July 8, 2001
to show Denver area rainfall map for August 17, 2000
Project scientists and sponsors utilize these precipitation maps to help
understand the localized nature of storms and their impacts. The maps also are proving to
be a wonderful resource for students and teachers in learning about weather patterns here
in Colorado. In Fort Collins, where CoCo RaHS has been active for only four years, a
monitoring network of more than one station per square mile covers nearly the entire city
and surrounding areas. This allows scientists and water managers to truly understand local
rainfall patterns and their implications.
Click here to show
sample rainfall contour map for Fort Collins area
CoCo RaHS is becoming a huge help to the Colorado Climate Center, whose job is
to accurately monitor Colorado's climate. The Climate Center has done well with only a few
weather stations per county across the state, but has always known that precipitation
patterns are highly variable and that statewide precipitation estimates have been crude.
Since CoCo RaHS started, several hundred precipitation stations are now reporting
routinely from northern Colorado and precipitation assessments are getting much better.
Measuring rainfall seems easy, but there is more to it than meets the eye. All
volunteers will be equipped with high capacity rain gauges that meet National Weather
Service accuracy requirements. The Climate Center will provide excellent training on where
and how to set up rain gauges to get accurate readings, while trying to make this a fun
and exciting educational experience for all participants regardless of age or background.
CoCo RaHS expansion into the District will begin this spring. A student intern
from Metropolitan State College Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences will play an
important role in the project. Efforts will begin immediately to recruit volunteers, equip
them with quality rain gauges and hail measuring devices called "CoCo RaHS Hail
Pads", and provide training to all volunteers.
The goal for 2002 will be 150 new volunteers in the Denver metropolitan area to
supplement the existing network of over 130 automated rain gauges operated by UDFCD.
Together, this should provide a greatly improved ability to track and understand local
It only takes five minutes per day to be a CoCo RaHS volunteer. If you would
like to help with this project, please contact:
Colorado Climate Center
Department of Atmospheric Science
Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO 80523
phone: 970-491-8545, fax: 970-491-8449
Click here to learn more about
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